Start your journey in the south american rainforest

The tropical rainforest is hot, humid and sunny. It is found in a band circling the globe on both sides of the equator.

The tropical rainforest-our planets great hothouse

These forests cover only 6 percent of the Earth's surface yet are home to about half of the worlds currently known species. The tropical rainforest is hot, humid and sunny. It is found in a band circling the globe on both sides of the equator.

Tropical rainforest climate is characterized by an annual average temperature above 18 degrees C. and an abundant rainfall, evenly distributed over the year, unlike the tropical monsoon forests which have a distinct rain and dry season.

The ecological cycle in the rainforest is very fast. Fungi and insects break down dead material so that nutrients quickly become available to the large trees and plants. This means that most of the nutrients in the rainforest are bound in trees and other plants and not in the ground as in the Swedish forest. The rainforest produces three times as much biomass (all biological material in a geographic area such as 1 square kilometer) as a Swedish forest.

Did you know?

A single hectare of rainforest may contain up to 807 trees of 313 different species (compared to 20-30 species in all of Sweden).

The greatest threats:

Unregulated timber industry devastating natural forest to gain access to individual trees. Agricultural practices that lead to depletion and erosion of soil.

Road and other construction projects that break up continuous forest areas.

Mining of precious metals and oil exploration.

Damming of large rivers which destroys the natural cycle of rivers and aquatic animals.

If we raise the temperature the life-giving rains may cease and the Amazon will turn into a dry, hot plain. It will then lose its ability to function, both the ability to oxygenate and to absorb excessive carbon. Instead, we risk that it will contribute to global warming by releasing substantial amounts of carbon.

 

What you do matters?

Do not buy products that can be derived from rainforest trees or threaten animal species by destroying their habitat                                                                                                     

Buying organic products study and learn the products in your grocery store 

Choose certified palm oil.

Try to reduce your emissions of temperature raising greenhouse gases.